Elon Musk reiterates his concerns about an Artificial Intelligence singularity, and how it poses a fundamental existential risk to human civilization unless regulated.
Speaking on-stage at the National Governor’s Association at the weekend, the CEO of Tesla and SpaceX wasn’t in the mood to sugar coat anything: “Until people see robots going down the street killing people,” said Musk, “they don’t know how to react [to AI] because it seems so ethereal.”
“I have exposure to the most cutting-edge AI and I think people should be really concerned about it,” the CEO added. “AI is a fundamental existential risk for human civilization, and I don’t think people fully appreciate that.”
More and more experts and scientists are voicing concerns over AI in an attempt to stimulate debate. Last year Stephen Hawking branded AI “either the best, or the worst thing, ever to happen to humanity” as a Cambridge institute was set up to research the future of intelligence.
A few months later he was joined on the topic by Michael Vasser, chief science officer of MetaMed Research, who said “If greater-than-human artificial general intelligence is invented without due caution, it is all but certain that the human species will be extinct in very short order”.
The NGA is Musk’s second stab this year at generating some concern over the potential of AI to create an economic or social singularity. In February he appeared at the World Government Summit in Dubai in order to broach the topic.
“Over time I think we will probably see a closer merger of biological intelligence and digital intelligence,” said Musk in an attempt to pose a solution to AI domination in the workforce. “It’s mostly about the bandwidth, the speed of the connection between your brain and the digital version of yourself – particularly output.”
Musk’s latest attempt to get a debate going was focused on AI research either slowing or being regulated quickly. His primary concern was that companies charge ahead, spurred on by competition, and create something dangerous.
“Normally the way regulations are set up is that a whole bunch of bad things happen, there’s a public outcry, and then after many years, a regulatory agency is set up to regulate that industry,” he went on to warn. “That, in the past, has been bad but not something which represented a fundamental risk to the existence of civilization. AI is a fundamental risk to the risk of human civilization.”
The most pressing safety issue currently on the table is driverless cars. It’s possible they will need to be programmed to prioritize pedestrians over passengers if confronted with certain situations. Effectively they will be charged – or, rather, the programmers who design the car will be charged – with making ethical decisions ahead of time.
Say you’re headed down a country lane and as you take a curve a truck is stopped unexpectedly. There isn’t enough room to brake without slamming into the back of it, to swerve to one side would be to veer into oncoming traffic and there’s a family walking their dog along the verge on the other side. The best scenario in terms of preserving human life is to send you flying straight into the back of the truck.
Arguably, genesis for this debate started in 1942 when Isaac Asimov published Runaround in which he posed his now renowned “Three Laws of Robotics”, which state:
- A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
- A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
- A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.
It’s feasible that any AI regulation would have to start with something akin to these three laws.